The professional clinical exercise physiologist (CEP) has played a prominent and evolving role in delivering safe and efficacious exercise interventions aimed at improving numerous aspects of health, such as (a) cardiorespiratory and muscular fitness; (b) quality of life; (c) metabolic health; (d) reducing the risk of future adverse events; and (e) facilitating the long-term adoption of healthy lifestyle characteristics in individuals under their care, from those who are apparently healthy to those at risk for developing one or more chronic health conditions to patient populations with a confirmed diagnosis. The development of the profession in the 1960s and its vast expansion in the 1970s primarily focused on delivering physical activity interventions to those with cardiovascular (1) and/or pulmonary diseases (2). CEPs have also significantly contributed to uncovering the clinical use of exercise testing, in particular expanding the use...

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