The presence of signs and symptoms of TMD in 99 children with primary dentition was evaluated through clinical exam and a questionnaire. The results showed that 34.34% presented signs and/or symptoms of TMD. Among the children with symptoms, 50% presented at least one sign or more, differing significantly from the ones without symptoms, and from those 21.6% presented sign (p=0.0l85). The most prevalent symptom was frequent headache (7.07%) followed by jaw pain (4.04%), earache (3.03%) and difficulty in swallowing (3.03%). The most prevalent sign was jaw deviation (18.18%) followed by occlusal interferences (7.07%), asymmetric condylar movement (5.05%) and TMJ sounds (3.03%). We concluded that signs and symptoms of TMD are present in early ages, even though in a small number of children.
Signs and symptoms of temporomandibular joint dysfunction in children with primary dentition
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Leonardo Rigoldi Bonjardim, Maria Beatriz Duarte Gaviao, Fabiola Grammatico Carmagnani, Luciano Jose Pereira, Paula Midori Castelo; Signs and symptoms of temporomandibular joint dysfunction in children with primary dentition. J Clin Pediatr Dent 1 September 2004; 28 (1): 53–58. doi: https://doi.org/10.17796/jcpd.28.1.0772w75g91963670
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