Multiple keratocystic odontogenic tumors (KCOT) occurred in a young child is challenging problem in the field of pediatric dentistry, and might have been related to nevoid basal cell carcinoma syndrome (NBCCS). Because of high recurrence rate of KCOTs, complete surgical resection is generally accepted as definitive treatment. However, complete surgical resection could induce negative effect on the development of permanent teeth and growth of jaw. Herein, we reported successful treatment case of young KCOT patient with NBCCS. Although multiple KCOTs occurred continually, the majority of the lesions healed well by decompression and important anatomical structures and permanent teeth were successfully preserved. The purpose of this paper is to report more conservative treatment of multiple keratocystic odontogenic tumors (KCOTs) by repeated decompressions with later peripheral ostectomy during a 7-year follow-up.

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