Idiopathic gingival fibromatosis (IGF) is a rare, genetically heterogeneous condition that is usually a part of syndrome or, rarely, an isolated disorder. It is characterized by a slowly progressive, non hemorrhagic, fibrous enlargement of keratinized gingiva which usually begins at the time of eruption of permanent dentition, however very few cases involving the primary teeth have been described in literature. Congenital gingival fibromatosis is very rare condition in which the gingival tissues become thickened and erupting teeth remain submerged beneath hyperplastic tissue masses. This case report discusses the rare case of congenital non syndromic idiopathic gingival fibromatosis in a two year old boy who reported with absence of teeth and incompetent lips. Gingivectomy was done using modified microdissection electrocautery needle to remove the excess gingival tissues. Excised tissue has been examined histologically. The patient was followed up for a period of one year and no recurrence was observed.

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