Introduction: Considering the morbidity associated with Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS) and limitations of absence of such syndrome in animals, a retrospective survey based human study and prospective Finite Element Method (FEM) study was planned to evaluate the effect of orthodontic pacifier in prevention of SIDS. Study design: Two groups, Group I (case) consisting of 48 people, who had lost their infant due to SIDS in past, and Group II (control) consisting of 200 participants with infant in the family, were established. The study was conducted in two parts. An online questionnaire-based survey consisting of 20 multiple choice questions was conducted to establish the correlation of pacifiers in families affected with SIDS. Thereafter, FEM evaluation was carried out in two age groups (up to six months, and between seven to 12 months) with two different pacifiers i.e. conventional and orthodontic, and one human nipples. Results:12 participants from case group and 170 in control group gave history of using pacifier for their infants between 2 to 6 months. The frequency and duration of use of pacifiers in case group generally increased while infant cried as high as 66 percent in frequency and 75 percent in duration in comparison to 90 percent in control group. FEM analysis showed significant stresses incurred with conventional pacifiers in relation to oral cavity and tongue. Orthodontic pacifiers exhibited human nipple like effect with more pronounced effects on posterior oral cavity and lesser strain on soft and hard tissues. Conclusion: Promising results obtained with survey and positive correlation of FEM data with orthodontic pacifiers indicates the superiority and advantages of orthodontic pacifiers in prevention of SIDS.
Evaluation of Effect of Orthodontic Pacifiers in Prevention of Sudden Infant Death Syndrome: A Finite Element Method and Questionnaire Based Study
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Raj K Maurya, Harpreet Singh, Deepak Malyala, Babita Niranjan, Ashutosh Dubey; Evaluation of Effect of Orthodontic Pacifiers in Prevention of Sudden Infant Death Syndrome: A Finite Element Method and Questionnaire Based Study. J Clin Pediatr Dent 1 April 2021; 45 (2): 74–82. doi: https://doi.org/10.17796/1053-4625-45.2.2
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