Objective: This manuscript examined the prevalence and extrinsic risk factors for dental erosion (DE) in early and middle adolescents in Pasto, Colombia. Study design: Dental erosion was evaluated in a random sample of 384 individuals aged 10–15 years attending three primary and high schools in this cross-sectional study. Clinical dental assessment for DE was done using O'Sullivan index. Data on general sociodemographic variables and extrinsic risks factors were obtained. Descriptive and univariate binary logistic regression analyses were performed. Results: Dental erosion was observed in 57.3% of individuals. The univariate binary logistic regression analysis showed that frequency of drinking natural fruit juices (OR 2.670, 95% CI 1.346 – 5.295, P=0.004) and their pH (OR 2.303, 95% CI 1.292 – 4.107, P=0.004) were more associated with the odd of DE in early adolescence. However, a high SES (OR 10.360, 95% CI 3.700 – 29.010, P<0.001) and frequency of snacks with artificial lemon taste (OR 3.659, 95% CI 1.506 – 8.891, P=0.003) were highly associated with the risk of DE in middle adolescence. Conclusions: The results suggest that DE is a prevalent condition in adolescents living in a city in southern Colombia. The transition from early to middle adolescence implies new bio-psychosocial changes, which increase the risk for DE.
From the Universidad Cooperativa de Colombia, School of Dentistry
*Ana Cristina Mafla, DDS, MSPH, Research Assistant Professor.
**Ximena Andrea Cerón-Bastidas,DDS, MSPH, Research Professor.
***Maria Elena Munoz-Ceballos, DDS, Clinical Professor Pediatric Dentistry Department.
****Diana Carolina Vallejo-Bravo, Undergraduate dental student.
*****Maria Claudia Fajardo-Santacruz, DDS, Clinical Professor Pediatric Dentistry Department.