Aim: To evaluate the clinical and radiographic outcomes of diluted silver diamine fluoride (1:10) and light cure calcium hydroxide as indirect pulp capping agents in primary molars. Study design: Fifty-six primary molars requiring indirect pulp treatment were randomly allocated to two groups: Dilute SDF (one drop of SDF mixed with 9 drops of distilled water giving a 1:10 dilution) and light cure calcium hydroxide. The indirect pulp treatment was followed by glass ionomer cement restoration and all primary molars received stainless steel crown as full coverage restoration. The teeth were followed up both clinically and radiographically at 1,6- and 12-months’ time interval using a pre-determined criterion. The results were statistically analyzed using Chi square analysis. The significance level was set at p ≤0.05. Results: Overall clinical and radiographic success rate of indirect pulp treatment with SDF was 96% and with light cure calcium hydroxide was 91.6% respectively at the end of 12 months but the difference was not statistically significant (p>0.05). Conclusion: Dilute silver diamine fluoride (1:10) can be advocated as potential indirect pulp capping agent in primary molars with deep carious lesions.

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