Lee, H., 2021. Propagation of solitary wave around conical island in level-set finite element framework. In: Lee, J.L.; Suh, K.-S.; Lee, B.; Shin, S., and Lee, J. (eds.), Crisis and Integrated Management for Coastal and Marine Safety. Journal of Coastal Research, Special Issue No. 114, pp. 16–20. Coconut Creek (Florida), ISSN 0749-0208.
Though the solitary wave is a single wave, it consists of a complex spectrum of frequencies, which enables in-depth analysis and reliable generation both in the laboratory and in the numerical model. For these reasons, solitary waves are known to be a good candidate for the description of waves including tsunamis since they effectively model the important effects of the long wave on the coasts very well. In addition, it is supposed to propagate over constant depth without appreciable changes, allowing for consistent referencing of its offshore or incident wave height. In this study, the level-set scheme, which is combined with the incompressible Navier-Stokes solver based on the fractional step algorithm in the framework of the finite element method, was applied to the modeling of wave propagation and runup on a circular conical island. Unstructured hexahedral meshes were generated for this purpose and MPI (Message Passing Interface) based parallel algorithms were developed to accelerate the computation. The physical behavior of waves are discussed in detail and the numerical results (e.g., runup heights) are compared with the experimental data. The good agreements were observed.