Yoon, J.; Kim, S.; Kim, I., and Song, D., 2021. Detection of wave parameters using CCTV images-based on deep learning algorithm. In: Lee, J.L.; Suh, K.-S.; Lee, B.; Shin, S., Lee, J. (eds.), Crisis and Integrated Management for Coastal and Marine Safety. Journal of Coastal Research, Special Issue No. 114, pp. 281–284. Coconut Creek (Florida), ISSN 0749-0208.
The closed-circuit television (CCTV) systems have been used for various applications in oceanic research fields. CCTV is an effective installation method for offshore monitoring that can conveniently and continuously observe the coastal region using the visible or infrared light in the electromagnetic spectrum. However, in the case of wave-observing CCTV images, there is a problem: it is difficult to extract the corresponding feature points between the video frames, which causes of inaccurate measurement of wave parameters. Recently, in the field of machine learning technology, deep learning-based video analysis that does not require the detection of feature points has been proposed. In this paper, we analyze wave-observing CCTV images with deep learning method in particular convolution neural network, and find the optimal method of observing waves through CCTV by three different datasets. For training, the CCTV data from the Samcheok Beach in the Republic of Korea were used. Wave observation data, which were used as input for machine learning, were collected by an acoustic wave and current profiler (AWAC). Moreover, to make up for insufficient observation data, the data to enhance the prediction model through deep learning were augmented. The results of this study confirm that the deep learning algorithm can be utilized to detect wave period and wave height. Consequently, continuous CCTV images can be combined with deep learning algorithm to clarify the complex characteristics of wave distribution and its temporal changes.