Kim, C.W.; Park, J.Y.; Choi, H.-J., and Nam, J., 2021. Interpreting the relevance between marine spatial planning and ecosystem services in Busan, South Korea. In: Lee, J.L.; Suh, K.-S.; Lee, B.; Shin, S., and Lee, J. (eds.), Crisis and Integrated Management for Coastal and Marine Safety. Journal of Coastal Research, Special Issue No. 114, pp. 355–359. Coconut Creek (Florida), ISSN 0749-0208.
Marine spatial planning (MSP) and marine ecosystem services (MES) have been increasingly gaining attention among global, national, and local societies. Among challenging issues in MSP practices is the incorporation of MES into MSP process in terms of advancement of marine management system. In this regard, we explored and interpreted the relevance between the zoning scheme under MSP and marine ecosystem service distribution in Busan sea area and EEZ. The total area under MSP enforcement is 5526.44 km2, and the total value of ecosystem services accounted for 272.73 million US dollars. The averaged MES value per grid (0.93 × 0.93 km) is 264.74 thousand US dollars, with large difference among zones. The fisheries protected zone has the largest area, but its MES value accounted for only 28% of the total. Area and MES value of marine tourism zone were 2.30% and 13.98%, respectively. MES value was relatively high in the inshore and low in the offshore. The high cultural service value in this area reflects socioeconomic features of the Busan metropolitan city. In terms of the relation between area and MES value of each zone, fisheries protected zone and provisioning service, and environment-ecosystem management zone and regulating services were well matched. Meaningful relation in the tourism zone between area and the value was not identified. This study is expected to contribute to exploring and interpreting the relevance between MSP and MES, and applying MES to the planning process and marine management.