Vu, X.H. and Lee, J.L., 2021. Simulation study of scarp and berm formation using a suspended sediment transport model. In: Lee, J.L.; Suh, K.-S.; Lee, B.; Shin, S., and Lee, J. (eds.), Crisis and Integrated Management for Coastal and Marine Safety. Journal of Coastal Research, Special Issue No. 114, pp. 504–508. Coconut Creek (Florida), ISSN 0749-0208.

Beach berms and scarps are common morphological features that develop repetitively due to the cyclic incidence of mild and storm waves. However, beach scarp and berm formations, as well as their morphodynamics, have not been researched thoroughly. In particular, scarp generation is often observed at nourished beaches or under the incidence of oblique storm waves; scarps can pose severe risks to beach users and negatively impact local ecosystems. A numerical study was conducted using a suspended sediment transport model developed in a previous study to quantify the morphodynamic responses of beach berms and scarps to the foreshore region as well as offshore sand motion. In the present study, the destructive beach slope at the foreshore was controlled using Kim's empirical formula on the foreshore slope.

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