Otsuka, A.Y.; Feitosa, F.A.N.; Flores-Montes, M.J., and Silva, A., 2016. Dynamics of chlorophyll a and oceanographic parameters in the coastal zone: Barra das Jangadas-Pernambuco, Brazil.

The Pernambuco shelf, inserted into the NE-E continental margin of Brazil, is about 187 km long and is characterized by reduced width, shallow depth, gentle slope, relatively warm water, and high salinity. It is influenced to some extent by translittoral rivers, the Jaboatão River being among these. This study aimed to analyze the dynamics of chlorophyll a and hydrological parameters on the Pernambuco inner continental shelf under the influence of the Jaboatão River plume. Bimonthly samplings were carried out during the rainy and dry seasons at one point in the estuarine area and four points along the adjacent inner continental shelf. The parameters evaluated were chlorophyll a, temperature, salinity, transparency, dissolved oxygen, suspended particulate matter, pH, depth, and inorganic nutrients. Most parameters had significant seasonal variation. In the dry period, chlorophyll-a ranged from 2.89 to 34.71 mg m−3 in the estuary and varied from 0.21 to 9.67 mg m−3 on the shelf. In the rainy period, it varied from 0.79 to 12.46 mg m−3 in the estuary and from 0.26 to 4.59 mg m−3 on the shelf. According to a principal components analysis, chlorophyll a showed a direct relationship with oxygen saturation rate and temperature and an inverse relationship with pH, salinity, and water transparency. Two points on the shelf (points 3 and 4) were most influenced by river outflow. The limiting factor for phytoplankton biomass was water turbidity due to the higher values reached in the dry period. The estuarine zone was in a stage of high eutrophication, thus sometimes affecting the waters of the inner shelf.

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