Voulgaris, A.; Mouratidis, C., and Vossinakis, A., 2019. Simulation and analysis of natural seawater chemical reactions on the Antikythera Mechanism. Journal of Coastal Research, 35(5), 959–972. Coconut Creek (Florida), ISSN 0749-0208.

Chemical reactions with seawater changed the bronze material and the color of the Antikythera Mechanism. The deformation and the displacement of the bronze parts are clearly evident on the visual photographs, on Antikythera Mechanism Research Project (AMRP) X-ray radiographs, and computed tomography (CT) scans as a result of the under-seawater material density change and the dehydration of the Mechanism after its removal from the Aegean/Kretan Sea bottom. In present work the first steps of the copper/bronze corrosion under the sea are simulated and presented. The geometric changes and the deformations of the Mechanism parts, which have repercussions on their shape, dimension, and relative position, are analyzed. Studying the visual photographs and the AMRP X-ray CTs of the partially preserved parts, the Functional Reconstruction of Antikythera Mechanism Project team digitally reconstructed and completed some of the lost/destroyed wooden and bronze parts and calculated the dimensions of the plates and the wooden casements of the Antikythera Mechanism ancient prototype.

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