Nguyen, T.H.T.; Park, S.W., and Ahn, J., 2020. Numerical method to determine upstream scour slope in relation to turbulence and particle movement. Journal of Coastal Research, 36(1), 189–195. Coconut Creek (Florida), ISSN 0749-0208.

Several studies have been conducted to investigate the behavior of scour hole, which happens naturally at the end of the bed protections in the streams and rivers, because this phenomenon can result in the instability or destruction of man-made structures in the area. Some formulas or equations were introduced to calculate the upstream scour slope, one of the most important scour properties, but the application shows some difficulty because of the lack of data. This paper presents a simple but reasonable method to find upstream scour slope with the employing of a numerical simulation, in particular by considering the relationship between turbulence and particle movement.

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