Yu, L.; Han, Z.; He, J., and Li, G., 2022. Experimental study on the permeability damage mechanism of gravel pack sand control medium in mud hydrate reservoirs. Journal of Coastal Research, 38(6), 1104–1115. Coconut Creek (Florida), ISSN 0749-0208.

The high argillaceous gas hydrate reservoir contains high silt and fine sand content. During the mining process, the fine silt sand will cause blockage of the gravel sand control medium, resulting in reduced medium permeability, that is, penetration damage. Penetration damage will reduce productivity and affect the long-term effectiveness of gravel. For the penetration damage problem of gravel sand control medium, the sand blocking simulation experiment of different reservoir water content, experimental pressure, and gravel specifications were carried out by self-developed sand blocking experiment system. A laser particle size analyzer and electron microscope were used to measure and observe the deposition of sand particles in the upper, middle, and lower layers of gravel layer after the sand retention experiment. The law of permeation damage and the mechanism of media permeation damage were summarized. The research results show that the blockage of sand control media can be divided into four stages: the beginning of blockage, the intensification of blockage, the dredging of blockage, and the balance of blockage. Reservoir water content, experimental pressure, and gravel size all influence permeability damage of gravel. The primary and secondary relationship of the influence of these factors on permeability damage is gravel size, experimental pressure, and reservoir water content. The pressure mainly affects the invasion depth of reservoir sand. The reservoir water content mainly affects the degree of permeability damage. The optimum particle size median ratio D50/d50 is about 25, and the medium has strong antipermeability damage ability and good sand retaining effect.

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