Jwa, M.S. and Hong, C.-Y., 2023. Abiotic stress tolerance of juvenile small abalone Haliotis diversicolor aquatilis (obunjagi) to gamma irradiation. Journal of Coastal Research, 39(1), 55–62. Charlotte (North Carolina), ISSN 0749-0208.
In South Korea, the small abalone (obunjagi), Haliotis diversicolor aquatilis, is a prominent commercial seafood species. However, summer circumstances frequently impede abalone productivity, emphasizing the need for suitable approaches to promote abalone viability. The purpose of this study was to see if the survival rate and physiological responses of juvenile H. diversicolor aquatilis changed after exposure to low-level 60Co-gamma irradiation under high temperature (HT) and low salinity (LS) stress conditions (20 Gy). For this research, juvenile small obunjagi, H. diversicolor aquatilis, were obtained from Jeju City fishing vendors, Korea. Before the experiment, all abalone samples were acclimated for 7 days in a seawater-filled tank at 23°C ± 0.3°C and 32 ± 0.2 psu under starvation conditions. Seventy abalones (20 male and 50 female) were gamma irradiated and 30 abalones (10 male and 20 female) were used as controls. After 6 weeks of malnutrition, abalone survivability and the quantity of cardiovascular hemocytes rose dramatically after 20-Gy exposure compared with the control (0 Gy). The viability of abalone was dramatically reduced by HT stress but not by LS stress. The initially improved immune response-mediated hormetic impact might be connected to abalone survival rate under famine and HT stress, and the hormesis-induced gamma radiation exposure strategy will successfully raise abalone productivity throughout summer.