Liu, Z.; Zang, J., and Liu, J., 2023. Preliminary analysis of reclamation changes in Macao using multisource and multitemporal remote-sensing data. Journal of Coastal Research, 39(1), 90–102. Charlotte (North Carolina), ISSN 0749-0208.
Macao is a typical reclamation city. A systematic analysis of reclamation changes can be used to relate reclamation to socioeconomic development. In this study, multisource and multitemporal satellite remote-sensing data were used to analyze the temporal and spatial characteristics, driving forces for reclamation, and nearshore water quality of Macao. The results showed that the Macao coastline is moving towards the sea. The total area of Macao increased from 29.19 km2 in 1999 to 35.83 km2 in 2019. The largest proportion of reclamation land-use type was public facilities land, whereas the smallest proportion was green land and square land. The land distribution gradually became more compact up to 2007 and dispersed thereafter. The factors of population, gross domestic product, number of visitors to Macao, and total export trade had different influences on reclamation in Macao during different time periods, where the population factor had the largest overall impact. The concentrations of chlorophyll and suspended sediment in Macao coastal waters were high nearshore and low offshore.