Byrnes, M.R.; Rosati, J.D.; Griffee, S.F., and Berlinghoff, J.L., 2013. Historical sediment transport pathways and quantities for determining an operational sediment budget: Mississippi Sound barrier islands. In: Brock, J.C.; Barras, J.A., and Williams, S.J. (eds.), Understanding and Predicting Change in the Coastal Ecosystems of the Northern Gulf of Mexico, Journal of Coastal Research, Special Issue No. 63, pp. 166–183, Coconut Creek (Florida), ISSN 0749-0208.

Historical shoreline and bathymetric survey data were compiled for the barrier islands and passes fronting Mississippi Sound to identify net littoral sand transport pathways, quantify the magnitude of net sand transport, and develop an operational sediment budget spanning a 90-year period. Net littoral sand transport along the islands and passes is primarily unidirectional (east-to-west). Beach erosion along the east side of each island and sand spit deposition to the west result in an average sand flux of about 400,000 cy/yr (305,000 m3/yr) throughout the barrier island system. Dog Keys Pass, located updrift of East Ship Island, is the only inlet acting as a net sediment sink. It also is the widest pass in the system (about 10 km) and has two active channels and ebb shoals. As such, a deficit of sand exists along East Ship Island. Littoral sand transport decreases rapidly along West Ship Island, where exchange of sand between islands terminates because of wave sheltering from the Chandeleur Islands and shoals at the eastern margin of the St. Bernard delta complex, Louisiana. These data were used to assist with design of a large island restoration project along Ship Island, Mississippi.

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