Kure, S.; Jibiki, Y., Iuchi K., and Udo, K., 2016. Overview of Super Typhoon Haiyan and characteristics of human damage due to its storm surge in the coastal region, Philippines. In: Vila-Concejo, A.; Bruce, E.; Kennedy, D.M., and McCarroll, R.J. (eds.), Proceedings of the 14th International Coastal Symposium (Sydney, Australia). Journal of Coastal Research, Special Issue, No. 75, pp. 1152 - 1156. Coconut Creek (Florida), ISSN 0749-0208.
Approximately 2 years have passed since the catastrophic damage caused by Super Typhoon Haiyan, which struck the Philippines on November 8, 2013. The purpose of this paper is to illustrate what actually happened during the Haiyan event, by examining observations and literature reviews. Our questionnaire survey results were analyzed to understand availabilities of opportunities to participate in disaster-related education programs and drill to local residents both before and after Haiyan. Following our analysis, we conclude that there were few opportunities for local residents to take part in disaster-related activities in the highly damaged areas in Leyte before Haiyan. After Haiyan, many opportunities for training were provided by non-governmental organizations (NGOs) and city and barangay officials. Residents leant about possible typhoon impacts during Typhoon Haiyan, and the educational activities that took place afterwards, facilitated successful evacuation during Typhoon Ruby. Based on our overview of Typhoon Haiyan and characterization of the human damage incurred by the storm surge in the target area, we recommend some future steps that contribute to reduce the risks posed by natural disasters in the Philippines.