Kim, I.H.; Kim, J.H.; Nam, J.M.; Chang, S.Y.; Cho, W.C.; Do, K.D.; Kim, Y.J.; Song, D.S., and Lee, H.S., 2020. Changes in sand budget for littoral cell after coastal improvement project. In: Malvárez, G. and Navas, F. (eds.), Global Coastal Issues of 2020. Journal of Coastal Research, Special Issue No. 95, pp. 242–246. Coconut Creek (Florida), ISSN 0749-0208.
The Munam2 harbor was constructed in 1989 and the direction of Munam river mouth was changed from the Gyoam beach to the Backdo beach in order to prevent sediment deposit within the harbor inside. In order to reduce erosion damage at the Gyoam beach, the CIP started in March 2014, and three submerged breakwaters were constructed in September 2016, as well as the beach nourishment. Therefore, the characteristics of shoreline change and bathymetric change were analyzed due to wave transmission after the implementation of submerged breakwaters in littoral drift cell. The beach monitoring was performed twice annually from 2014 to 2018, that the surveying items were shoreline change, beach profile and bathymetric change, including two times wave field observation during the monitoring period. As a result, the wave transmission rate between the W-2 and W-3 shows that the function of submerged breakwater is working effectively only when a significant wave, height over 1.3 m, occurs. However, it was analyzed that there was no wave energy reduction effect as a submerged breakwater when the significant wave height is below 0.3 m. After the submerged breakwaters were constructed to solve the erosion problem, the stable coastal line was formed on the Gyoam beach.