Preemergence applied herbicides, Barricade 65 WDG (prodiamine), Derby 5G (metolachlor + simazine), Pendulum 60 WDG (pendimethalin), Snapshot DF (isoxaben + oryzalin), and Snapshot TG (isoxaben + trifluralin) were evaluated for control of common vetch (Vicia sativa L.) and black medic (Medicago lupulina L.) in 2.5 liter (0.7 gal) containerized soilless medium. Herbicides were applied at label rates in November 1993 (experiment 1) and 1994 (experiment 2). Common vetch was controlled up to 16 weeks after treatment (WAT) by both Snapshot formulations. Pendulum and Barricade, or Derby provided excellent and good control of vetch for 8 WAT (experiment 1), respectively, but only 4 WAT in experiment 2. Both Snapshot formulations resulted in excellent control of black medic for the entirety of both experiments. Pendulum provided excellent control up to 12 WAT (experiment 2) and good control up to 16 WAT (experiment 1). Further studies should evaluate the turfgrass/landscape herbicide Gallery (isoxaben), the common active ingredient in both Snapshot formulations.

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Author notes

Florida Agricultural experiment Station Journal Series No. R-05579. The authors wish to thank Ms. Lucy Rogers for her technical assistance.

2Associate Professor of Environmental Horticulture.

3Senior Biological Scientist.

4Professor, Department of Statistics, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL.