Verbena canadensis ‘Homestead Purple’ and ‘Taylortown Red’ were treated with one or two spray applications of the plant growth regulator (PGR) Pistill (ethephon) at 0, 250, 500, 750, or 1000 ppm. Plants were in 3.8 liter (1 gal) containers under outdoor nursery conditions. Plant widths of ‘Homestead Purple’ verbena were suppressed linearly with increasing Pistill concentrations up to 24% at 2 weeks after initial treatment (WAT) and up to 18% at 4 WAT. Widths of ‘Taylortown Red’ verbena were suppressed 22% at 2 WAT with a single application at 500 to 1000 ppm, and linearly up to 33% at 4 WAT with 2 applications. Two applications of Pistill suppressed heights and widths of both cultivars at 7 WAT compared to one application.

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Author notes

2Associate Professor Emeritus, Department of Horticulture. Email address: <>.

3Senior Agricultural Research Specialist.