Flurprimidol, α-(1-Methylethyl)-α-[4-(trifluoromethoxy)phenyl]-5-pyrimidine-methanol, was applied to three month plants of Photinia × fraseri in 5.6 L (6 qt) containers and Ilex crenata ‘Compacta’ in 2.8 L (3 qt) containers as foliar sprays at 0, 33, 66, 132, 264, 528, 1056, 2112, 4224, and 8448 ppnl. Growth-medium drench applications with flurprimidol were applied at 0, 2, 4, 8, 16, 32, 64, 128, 256, and 512 ppm solution, 0.5 L (17 oz) per 5.6 L (6 qt) container to Photinia. The initial foliar spray treatments and the growth medium drench treatments were applied on July 14, 1983. All test plants were planted in soil on December 9, 1983. Foliar spray treatments were repeated on July 19, 1985.

Flurprimidol at low concentrations as a spray and drench substantially reduced plant size with little or no phytotoxicity. Duration of growth suppression increased as rate increased. Flurprimidol at low rates reduced growth for the remainder of the growing season in which it was applied. At higher rates growth was also reduced in the following growing season. Minor leaf distortion of smaller leaves was obtained at low rates and leaf distortion appeared to increase slightly at higher rates. Shoot growth after the effects of flurprimidol were no longer apparent appeared normal. Results indicate that flurprimidol alone and in conjunction with pruning can be helpful in maintaining woody landscape plants to a desirable size.

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Author notes

Published with the approval of the Director of the Mississippi Agricultural and Forestry Experiment Station as Scientific Contribution No. J-6922.

2Professor of Horticulture.