No injury was observed to ‘Hershey Red’, ‘Pleasant White’ and ‘Scarlet Rose’ azalea (Rhododendron obtusum Planch.) ‘Prince of Wales’ juniper (Juniperus horizontalis Moench), ‘Helleri’ holly (Ilex crenata Thunb.) or ‘Green beauty’ boxwood (Buxus microphylla Siebold & Zucc.) following pretransplant applications of Goal (oxyfluorfen) at rates ranging from 0.6 to 4.5 kg ai/ha (0.5 to 4.0 lb/A). Acceptable control of common groundsel (Senecio vulgaris L.) (less than one weed per pot) lasted approximately 1 month at 0.6 kg/ha (0.5 lb/A), 2 to 3 months at 1.1 kg/ha (1.0 lb/A), 3 to 4 months at 2.2 kg/ha (2.0 lb/A) and 4 months at 4.5 kg/ha (4.0 lb/A) with sprayed applications of Goal. Sprayed applications of Goal at 1.1 kg/ha (1.0 lb/A) gave equivalent weed control to a post-transplant application of Ornamental Herbicide 2, a granular formulation containing 2% oxyfluorfen and 1% pendimethalin, at 3.3 kg ai/ha (3.0 lb ai/A).

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Author notes

2Assistant Professor of Weed Science.