The green June beetle, Cotinis nitida (L.), is an important pest of grapes, peaches, blackberries, blueberries, apples, and pears that is native to North America (Johnson et al. 2009, pp. 599–629 in Peshin and Dhawan (eds.), Integrated Pest Management: Innovation-Development Process, Springer Science + Business Media). Females of this species oviposit into the soil in the summer of the year preceding the emergence of the adults. The grubs overwinter in the soil and pupate in April to May the next year. In June and July, the adults emerge, dig out to the surface, mate and lay eggs in soil, and begin feeding on ripening or overripe fruit from late June to mid-August (Pontasch and Knutson 2010, Texas A&M System E-Publ. EEE 000044).

Three strategies to minimize damage caused by adults attacking ripe fruit have been proposed: (a) sprays with insecticides with a short preharvest interval (Flanders and Cobbs 2000, Alabama...

You do not currently have access to this content.