The accessory reproductive glands of the female stable fly are translucent structures that run parallel to the common oviduct when the ovipositor is extended. The only muscles found associated with the gland were those at either end of the long tube of simple cuboidal epithelial cells. The posterior region of each gland is connected to the anterior vagina by means of a valve of circular muscle. The myofibrils of the valve are separated into sarcomeres of irregular alignment with Z disks that appear as discontinuous rows of dense bodies. Transections through the Z disk region also revealed a perforated character which is common in muscles that have the ability to super contract. The sarcolemma of many cells have tubular invaginations that correspond to the T-system of tubules found in most muscles. Terminal axons with both synaptic vesicles and larger neurosecretory granules were found in close apposition to muscle fibers of the valve. Large vacuoles (with a mean of 26.36 μm and a SD = ± 2.09) were the most prominent structures in the cytoplasm of the glandular epithelium. The fine structure of these vacuoles showed a microvillar border and a central portion that contains clumps of secretory material in a granular matrix. Many vacuoles also contain dense inclusion bodies while other inclusion bodies were observed in apical membranous networks just beneath the cuticular intima. Such ultrastructural features suggest a largely merocrine type secretion for this gland.
Structural Properties of the Female Accessory Gland in the Stable Fly, Stomoxys calcitrans
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Benjamin J. Cook, Nan W. Pryor; Structural Properties of the Female Accessory Gland in the Stable Fly, Stomoxys calcitrans. Journal of Entomological Science 1 July 1995; 30 (3): 362–373. doi: https://doi.org/10.18474/0749-8004-30.3.362
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