The foundation of IPM for drywood termites (Isoptera: Kalotermitidae) has academic and industry origins some extending back several decades. Regardless of the origin, the underlying philosophy of IPM for drywood termites is consistent and includes correct identification of the pest, monitoring its activity, and use of a variety of treatment methods including chemical, nonchemical, and prevention. Species diversity and adaptive biology can make the detection and treatment of drywood termites challenging and difficult. Advances in detection technology now make it feasible to determine whether drywood termites are active within wood. Recent advances have also made it feasible to non-chemically treat for drywood termites. Efficacy testing is incomplete for many of the newer detection and treatment options especially field trials. In addition, pest control legislation and regulations have not kept up with the technological changes, particularly for detection devices and nonchemical treatment options. The interplay of drywood termite biology, detection, management options, and changes needed in public perception of termites and treatments are reviewed.

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Author notes

1Presented as part of the IPM in Urban Entomology Symposium during the 2001 annual Meeting of the Entomological Society of America in San Diego, CA.