There is no recommended protocol for detecting and isolating Clostridium difficile present in food samples. Here, we have evaluated the recovery of C. difficile in meat samples after incubating them in various enrichment broths. The media were as follows: cycloserine-cefoxitin fructose broth supplemented with taurocholic acid, d-cycloserine, cefoxitin, and lysozyme; cycloserine-cefoxitin mannitol broth with taurocholate and lysozyme; and cycloserine-cefoxitin fructose broth supplemented with taurocholic acid, C. difficile moxalactam norfloxacin selective supplement, and lysozyme. Samples were inoculated with various strains and quantities of C. difficile and then enriched in the different broths for 1, 4, and 7 days. C. difficile was isolated on agar plates and detected with quantitative real-time PCR (qPCR). The procedure using enrichment in cycloserine-cefoxitin fructose broth supplemented with taurocholic acid, d-cycloserine, cefoxitin, and lysozyme and incubation for 4 days for qPCR detection and 7 days for isolation (plating on C. difficile agar base with added C. difficile selective supplement and 7% [v/v] defibrinated horse blood after alcoholic shock and centrifugation) was validated. Samples of different kinds of meat and meat preparation were contaminated and used for validation of the chosen protocol. The sensitivity of detection with qPCR was 100%, and the sensitivity of the isolation method was 96%.

You do not currently have access to this content.