Vibrioparahaemolyticus is a leading seafood-borne pathogen that causes gastroenteritis, septicemia, and serious wound infections due to the actions of virulence-associated proteins. We compared the extracellular proteins of nonvirulent JHY20 and virulent ATCC 33847 V. parahaemolyticus reference strains. Eighteen extracellular proteins were identified from secretory profiles, and 11 (68.75%) of the 16 proteins in ATCC 33847 are associated with virulence and/or protection against adverse conditions: trigger factor, chaperone SurA, aspartate–semialdehyde dehydrogenase, 4-hydroxy-3-methylbut-2-en-1-yl diphosphate synthase, glutamate 5-kinase, alanine dehydrogenase, glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase, outer membrane protein OmpV, ribosome-associated inhibitor A, chaperone protein Skp, and universal stress protein. Two nontoxic-related proteins, amino acid ABC transporter substrate-binding protein and an uncharacterized protein, were identified in JHY20. The results provide a theoretical basis for supporting safety risk assessment of aquatic foods, illuminate the pathogenic mechanisms of V. parahaemolyticus, and assist the identification of novel vaccine candidates for foodborne pathogens.
The secretomes of toxic and nontoxic V. parahaemolyticus strains were compared.
Different extracellular proteins were identified in strains ATCC 33847 (16) and JHY20 (2).
ATCC 33847 secretes many virulence proteins that protect against adverse conditions.
These findings illuminate pathogenic mechanisms and support novel vaccine development.