The quorum-sensing regulation of class II bacteriocin (AcH) synthesis in Lactobacillus plantarum subsp. plantarum Zhang-LL was studied. No detectable inhibition zone was formed by the supernatant of L. plantarum subsp. plantarum Zhang-LL culture in skim milk (SM) with an inoculum size of 7 × 102 CFU/mL after incubation for 36 h. Hence, this culture system was used to investigate the induced regulation mechanism of bacteriocin production in L. plantarum subsp. plantarum Zhang-LL. Bacteriocin production by this bacterium in SM medium was induced by treatment with inactivated culture supernatant from de Man Rogosa Sharpe (MRS) medium (supernatant-MRS). Pediocin AcH encoded by the papA gene in a plasmid in strain Zhang-LL was the inducer present in supernatant-MRS. This is the first report of the role of pediocin AcH in the quorum-sensing regulation of class II bacteriocin synthesis. The mRNA of the papA, papB, papC, and papD genes involved in bacteriocin synthesis by strain Zhang-LL in SM medium was upregulated significantly after being induced by pediocin AcH. This study offers the first evidence that the ABT40_05745, ABT40_05750, and ABT40_11975 components of two-component systems in L. plantarum subsp. plantarum Zhang-LL are involved in the induced regulation of AcH bacteriocin production.
SM with small inoculum size was used to verify induced regulation of AcH production.
AcH production was regulated by quorum sensing, and pediocin AcH was the inducer.
Three genes encoding two-component systems were involved in regulation of AcH production.