ABSTRACT

This study evaluated the efficacy of copper alloy surfaces for inactivation of Tulane virus (TV), assessed by plaque assay and porcine gastric mucin–conjugated magnetic bead (PGM-MB) binding assay, followed by quantitative reverse transcription PCR (PGM-MB–RT-qPCR assay). In addition, the efficacy of a copper surface for inactivation of human norovirus (HuNoV) GII.4 Sydney and GI.3B Potsdam strains was evaluated by PGM-MB–RT-qPCR assay. Results of time-dependent inactivation of viruses on copper, bronze, and brass coupons revealed that 15 min of surface treatments of each of the copper and copper alloys achieved >4-log reduction of purified TV, as assessed by plaque assay, while up to 20 min of copper alloy surface treatments only achieved ∼2-log reduction, as assessed by PGM-MB–RT-qPCR assay. As assessed by PGM-MB–RT-qPCR assay, 10 min of copper surface treatments achieved reductions of 3 and 4 log units for HuNoVs GII.4 Sydney and GI.3B Potsdam, respectively. Results from this study suggest that even though PGM-MB–RT-qPCR assay underestimated the efficacy of copper alloy surface inactivation of TV, copper alloy surfaces were able to effectively inactivate TV and HuNoVs. Therefore, copper alloys can be used as a preventive measure to prevent HuNoV infection and are an effective surface treatment for HuNoVs.

HIGHLIGHTS
  • Copper alloy surfaces were able to effectively inactivate TV.

  • Copper surface more effectively inactivated TV extracted from cell culture than a brass surface.

  • Copper surface effectively inactivated HuNoVs GII.4 Sydney and GI.3B Potsdam.

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