ABSTRACT

The BAX system for pathogen detection has been highly accurate in a variety of food products. However, false-negative results have been reported for the detection of pathogens in liquid egg products because of failed pathogen resuscitation and the existence of inhibitory components. In this study, a short-time enrichment step was used to simultaneously resuscitate the target cells to the detection level and to dilute the inhibitory components to reduce detection interference. The MP medium (BAX system) enabled faster multiplication of healthy Salmonella cells than did buffered peptone water (BPW) in tested liquid whole egg and egg yolk. However, MP failed to resuscitate heat-injured cells even after 24 h of incubation. Therefore, MP was replaced with BPW as the enrichment broth for the BAX system. However, the use of BPW for a one-step enrichment was not effective for removal of PCR inhibitors in egg yolk, and unstable detection results were obtained. To improve detection accuracy, a second step of enrichment with brain heart infusion was added. This two-step enrichment process shortened the enrichment time to 14 h and greatly increased the number of samples in which the pathogen was detected during the same enrichment time, especially in the liquid egg yolk samples. The validation study revealed 100% diagnostic accuracy of the two-step enrichment process plus the BAX system. These results indicate that a two-step enrichment process added to the BAX system can improve the detection of pathogenic Salmonella in liquid egg products.

HIGHLIGHTS
  • Enrichment steps to assist Salmonella detection using the BAX system were studied.

  • BAX MP medium failed to resuscitate injured Salmonella cells in liquid whole egg samples.

  • BPW was an appropriate medium for enriching Salmonella cells in liquid egg products.

  • The two-step enrichment process increased the detection accuracy of the BAX system.

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