Pseudomonas fluorescens is a specific spoilage microorganism of refrigerated marine fish, and is highly adapted to low temperature. Cold shock proteins (CSPs) play an important role in cold adaptation of bacteria. In this study, CSP genes were identified from the genome of P. fluorescens PF08 by search of the conserved domain of CSPs with HMMER software, and the CSP physicochemical properties, structures, and functions were analyzed through bioinformatics. Five typical CSPs were identified in the P. fluorescens PF08 genome (PfCSPs). All five PfCSPs are small hydrophilic acidic proteins with a molecular mass of ca. 7.4 kDa. They are located in the cytoplasm and are nonsecretory and nontransmembrane proteins. Multiple sequence alignment analysis indicated that the CSPs are highly conserved between species, especially in DNA-binding sites and RNA-binding motifs that can bind to single-stranded DNA and RNA. The five PfCSPs clustered with CspD from Escherichia coli and Salmonella Typhimurium, which suggests a close homology and high functional similarity among the five PfCSPs and CspD. The secondary and tertiary structures of the PfCSPs are in accordance with the characteristics of the CSP family, and ligand binding sites with higher likelihood were found in PfCSPs. The five PfCSPs were predicted to interact with some of the same proteins that are involved in virulence, stress responses (including to low temperature), cell growth, ribosome assembly, and RNA degradation. The results provide further elucidation of the function of CSPs in adaptation to low temperatures by P. fluorescens.
Five typical CSPs were found in the Pseudomonas fluorescens PF08 genome.
Properties and structures of the PfCSPs were in accord with the characteristics of CSPs.
The five PfCSPs were highly homologous.
PfCSPs may be related to such processes as virulence, stress, growth, and RNA degradation.