Salmonella, a major foodborne pathogen, causes severe gastrointestinal disease in people and animals worldwide. Plasmid-borne mcr-1, which confers colistin resistance in Salmonella, has significant epidemiological interest for public health safety. Here, we report the first evidence of mcr-1–mediated colistin resistance in one multidrug-resistant strain, 16062, from 355 Salmonella isolates collected for Jiaxing foodborne pathogen monitoring in Zhejiang Province from 2015 to 2019. In addition to colistin, 16062 displayed multidrug resistance to various antimicrobials (β-lactams, quinolone, sulfonamide, florfenicol, ampicillin, streptomycin, nalidixic acid, aminoglycoside, and trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole). The mcr-1–carrying IncX4 plasmid (p16062-MCR) in this study shares a conserved structure with other mcr-IncX4 plasmids. We found that other antimicrobial-resistance genes (aac(6′)-Ib-cr, aadA1, aadA2, aph(3′)-Ia, oqxA, oqxB, sul1, and cmlA1) are located on p16062-cmlA, an atypical IncHI2 plasmid, in isolate 16062. This is the first identification of transferable colistin resistance in a foodborne Salmonella isolate collected in Jiaxing City, the 5-year monitoring of which revealed limited dissemination. By determining the genetic features of the plasmid vehicle, the characteristics of transferable mcr genes circulating in isolates from Jiaxing are now clearer.

  • We screened Salmonella isolates for transferable colistin resistance (TCR).

  • We found that IncX4 plasmid transmission may act to disseminate the mcr-1 gene.

  • mcr-1–positive Salmonella was not a major cause of human infections.

  • This is the first study to identify and analyze TCR in Jiaxing, China.

  • The study period encompassed 2015 to 2019.

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