Biological warfare, “Public Health in Reverse,” calls for new methods of fighting disease, because when disease is willfully spread, it can take on new aspects. By understanding why an enemy may choose to use BW instead of some other weapon, we may be able to forecast its use and prepare to repel it.

Various BW agents, means of distribution, and required properties are discussed. Although counteracting forces now exist in the health services of the United States, we must fashion and learn to use special defensive weapons.

The author outlines four essential elements in a program of defense against BW.

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Author notes

*Delivered at the Radiological Health and Civil Defense Conference, March 27–30, 1951, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida.

Mr. Richard S. Green was graduated from Harvard College in 1936 and obtained his Master's degree in Engineering from Harvard Graduate School of Engineering in 1937. He served as Sanitary Engineering with the Massachusetts Department of Public Health from 1937–38, and in 1938 accepted a position as Superintendent, Water Purification, The Panama Canal. He held the position of Research Associate in Air-borne Infection at the School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, from 1940–41. He entered the Public Health Service in May 1941, and after various assignments in Maine, Washington, and Alaska, was assigned to the division of Sanitation, Washington, D. C., where he is presently stationed.