Beef was stored aerobically for 2 or 6 d at 1 ± 1°C before vacuum packaging. Total numbers of aerobic bacteria, Pseudomonas spp., Brochothrix thermosphacta and lactic acid bacteria were determined by selectively plating stored samples. Meat color was evaluated with a color difference meter and a color panel. Aerobic plate counts, numbers of pseudomonads and B. thermosphacta, and pH each were higher in samples held aerobically for 6 d compared with those held aerobically for 2 d. The major effect of delayed vacuum packaging was to slow the growth of lactic acid bacteria and minimize the number of pseudomonads. The variation among treatments was similar in Pseudomonas spp. population for 21 d and in pH for 7 d, and there was no significant effect of packaging treatment in color. Results indicate that the initial treatment variations were lost as storage time progressed.

This content is only available as a PDF.

Author notes

1Contribution from the Missouri Agricultural Experiment Station. Journal Series Number 9226.

2Present address: Department of Food Science and Nutrition, University of Minnesota, St. Paul, Minnesota 55108.

3Department of Food Science and Nutrition, University of Missouri.