Thirteen Clostridium perfringens isolates classified as nonenterotoxigenic by radioimmunoassay (RIA) were tested for biological activity in rabbit ileal loops to determine whether these organisms produced enterotoxins serologically unrelated to the classical C. perfringens enterotoxin. None of these strains was active in the ileal loop assays. The large number of RIA-negative isolates obtained from food-poisoning outbreaks is more likely due to the failure to isolate causative strains rather than to the existence of novel enterotoxins.

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