A simple procedure was devised for the routine screening of aflatoxin B1 (AFB1) in peanut butter using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Peanut butter samples (5 g) were artificially contaminated with AFB1 and extracted by blending with 25 ml of 55% methanol and 10 ml of hexane. The extract was filtered and aqueous filtrate analyzed by a direct competitive ELISA. Recovery of AFB1 added to peanut butter samples ranged from 85 to 112%, with an average inter-well coefficient of variation of 18.4%. The inter-assay coefficient of variation was 22.7%. Using this procedure, only 3 of 63 commercial samples of peanut butter had detectable levels (>5.0 μg/kg) of AFB1.

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Author notes

1Department of Food Science and Human Nutrition.

2Department of Botany and Plant Pathology.

3National Peanut Research Laboratory.