Twenty-five milliliters of glucose-yeast-salts medium containing 0, 0.5, 0.75, 1.0, 1.5 and 2.0% lactic acid with an initial pH of 3.5 or 4.5 were inoculated with 1 ml of a spore suspension containing 106 conidia of Aspergillus parasiticus NRRL 2999 and incubated at 28°C for 10 d. The pH of the medium, weight of mycelium and aflatoxin production were determined after 3, 7, and 10 d of incubation. Amounts of aflatoxin produced were determined using reversed-phase high-performance liquid chromatography. Cultures grown in the presence of 0.5 and 0.75% lactic acid at an initial pH of 4.5 produced more aflatoxin B1 than did the other cultures at the end of 3 d of incubation. This was not true for aflatoxin G1; with increasing concentrations of lactic acid, cultures produced decreasing amounts of aflatoxin G1. Also, cultures growing in the medium with an initial pH of 3.5 produced more aflatoxin B1 in the presence of lactic acid at the end of 3 d of incubation than did control cultures. Cultures growing in the presence of 0.5 and 0.75% lactic acid produced the most aflatoxin. Maximum amounts of aflatoxin G1 were produced after 7 d of incubation, with cultures growing in the presence of 0.5 and 0.75% lactic acid producing the most. Lactic acid did not inhibit growth (mycelium weight) of cultures in the medium with initial pH values of 3.5 or 4.5 except there was a slight decrease in mycelial weight when the medium contained 0.5% lactic acid and had an initial pH value of 3.5.
Growth and Aflatoxin Production by Aspergillus parasiticus NRRL 2999 in the Presence of Lactic Acid and at Different Initial pH values
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FATHY E. EL-GAZZAR, GULAM RUSUL, ELMER H. MARTH; Growth and Aflatoxin Production by Aspergillus parasiticus NRRL 2999 in the Presence of Lactic Acid and at Different Initial pH values. J Food Prot 1 November 1987; 50 (11): 940–944. doi: https://doi.org/10.4315/0362-028X-50.11.940
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