Fourteen bacteriocin-producing strains from the genera Lactobacillus, Leuconostoc, Pediococcus, and Lactococcus were evaluated for their ability to inhibit the growth of eight strains of Listeria monocytogenes. Seven strains of lactic acid bacteria were antagonistic toward L. monocytogenes by deferred antagonism testing on agar. Cell-free supernatants from cultures of three of the seven bacteriocin-producing strains which inhibited growth of L. monocytogenes in deferred antagonism testing also inhibited growth in well diffusion assays. The eight strains of L. monocytogenes were identical in their sensitivity or resistance to bacteriocins. The action of the bacteriocins was eliminated by proteolytic enzymes.

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Author notes

Paper no. 11895 of the Journal Series of the North Carolina Agricultural Research Service, Raleigh, North Carolina 27695-7643. Mention of a trademark or proprietary product does not constitute a guarantee or warranty of the product by the U.S. Department of Agriculture or North Carolina Agricultural Research Service, nor does it imply approval to the exclusion of other products that may be suitable.

4Present address: Department of Food Science and Technology, Wiegand Hall 100, Oregon State University, Corvallis, Oregon 97331-6602.