The effects of milk and individual milk components on the attachment of Listeria monocytogenes and Salmonella typhimurium to two commonly used materials in the dairy industry were studied. Attachment of both organisms to stainless steel and Buna-N was significantly inhibited by the presence of skim, 2%, whole, or chocolate 2% milk compared to the phosphate-buffered saline (PBS) control. The addition of individual milk components, casein, α-lactalbumin, and β-lactoglobulin to the attachment menstruum significantly reduced attachment. Pretreating surfaces with milk and milk components for 1 h prior to attachment in PBS gave similar results. The presence of lactose did not affect attachment of either organism; however, attachment of S. typhimurium was significantly decreased on pretreated Buna-N. Cells of either organism pretreated with skim milk or β-lactoglobulin prior to attachment in PBS showed significantly less attachment than untreated cells. Pretreating S. typhimurium cells with casein had no effect on attachment to stainless steel. Pretreatment of S. typhimurium with lactose increased attachment to both surfaces while pretreatment had no effect on L. monocytogenes. Attachment of both organisms was significantly reduced in diluted whole milk. Both organisms attached significantly less to surfaces soiled with one or more layers of whole milk.

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