Quantitative estimates are important to establish whether pork adulteration in ground beef is accidental or intentional. A standard agar gel radial immunodiffusion (RID) test using forensic-grade antiserum to porcine albumin and an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) using forensic-grade anti-porcine glycoprotein immunoglobulin were used to determine from 1 to 75% raw pork in raw ground beef. The RID test, which incorporated 1.5% anti-pork serum in 1% immunodiffusion agar, formed precipitin rings with pork albumin in agar wells. A linear standard curve was obtained by plotting the diffusion area against standard pork concentrations ranging from 0 to 80%. For the ELISA the endpoint optical density increased linearly versus log % pork between 0.0625% and 2% pork. In spiked samples, the RID test had a detection limit of 3 to 5%, a coefficient of variation (CV) of 22%, and a recovery of 105%. The ELISA had a detection limit of 1%, a CV of 18%, and a recovery of 114%. The mean recovery from the spiked samples by the ELISA and RID test was not significantly different (P > 0.05) from the known sample amounts. Quantitation by RID of 28 ground beef samples (27 of which were DTEK ELISA-positive for pork adulteration) revealed a wide range of pork content, with values as high as 48%.
Quantitative Evaluation of Pork Adulteration in Raw Ground Beef by Radial Immunodiffusion and Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay
- Views Icon Views
- PDF LinkPDF
- Share Icon Share
- Search Site
DAVID R. MARTIN, JOYCE CHAN, JOSEPH Y. CHIU; Quantitative Evaluation of Pork Adulteration in Raw Ground Beef by Radial Immunodiffusion and Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay. J Food Prot 1 December 1998; 61 (12): 1686–1690. doi: https://doi.org/10.4315/0362-028X-61.12.1686
Download citation file: