The objective of this study was to determine the effectiveness of packaging films coated with a methylcellulose/hydroxypropyl methylcellulose–based solution containing 10,000, 7,500, 2,500, or 156.3 IU/ml nisin for controlling Listeria monocytogenes on the surfaces of vacuum-packaged hot dogs. Barrier film coated with a methylcellulose/hydroxypropyl methyl-cellulose–based solution containing nisin or no nisin (control) was heat sealed to form individual pouches. Hot dogs were placed in control and nisin-containing pouches and inoculated with a five-strain L. monocytogenes cocktail (approximately 5 log CFU per package), vacuum sealed, and stored for intervals of 2 h and 7, 15, 21, 28, and 60 d at 4°C. After storage, hot dogs and packages were rinsed with 0.1% peptone water. Diluent was spiral plated on modified oxford agar and tryptic soy agar and incubated to obtain counts (CFU per package). L. monocytogenes counts on hot dogs packaged in films coated with 156.3 IU/ml nisin decreased slightly (~0.5-log reduction) through day 15 of refrigerated storage but was statistically the same (P > 0.05) as hot dogs packaged in films without nisin after 60 d of storage. Packaging films coated with a cellulose-based solution containing 10,000 and 7,500 IU/ml nisin significantly decreased (P < 0.05) L. monocytogenes populations on the surface of hot dogs by greater than 2 log CFU per package throughout the 60-d study. Similar results were observed for hot dogs packaged in films coated with 2,500 IU/ml nisin; however, L. monocytogenes populations were observed to be approximately 4 log CFU per package after 60 d of refrigerated storage from plate counts on tryptic soy and modified oxford agars.

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