Four strains of Enterobacter sakazakii were inoculated into tryptic soy broth and reconstituted powdered infant formula and exposed to high-pressure processing. Pressures of 200, 400, and 600 MPa were used for each medium for 1 min. E. sakazakii was reduced by more than 6 log (strains A and B) in both media at 600 MPa. Strain B was significantly (P ≤ 0.05) more pressure resistant than the other strains, with just more than a 3-log reduction at 600 MPa in both media. The reconstituted infant formula has a significant (P ≤ 0.05) protective effect for certain strains and pressures (strain B at 400 MPa and strain D at 400 and 600 MPa). Differences in log reductions between media (milk and broth) were also observed for certain strains and specific pressures (strain B at 400 MPa and strain D at 400 and 600 MPa; P ≤ 0.05). This research showed that E. sakazakii, when present in reconstituted powdered infant formula, can be submitted to high-pressure processing (600 MPa for 1 min) and achieve log reductions ranging from 3 to 6.84, depending on the strain.

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