Cells of Vibrio parahaemolyticus 690 were subjected either to heat shock at 42°C for 45 min or to ethanol shock in the presence of 5% ethanol for 60 min. The protein profiles of the unstressed and stressed V. parahaemolyticus cells were compared. Additionally, the induction of DnaK- and GroEL-like proteins in the unstressed and stressed cells of V. parahaemolyticus was also examined. Analysis with one-dimensional sodium dodecyl sulfate–polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE) indicated that three proteins with molecular masses of 93, 77, and 58 kDa were induced by both heat shock and ethanol shock. The protein patterns revealed by two-dimensional electrophoresis were more detailed than those revealed by one-dimensional SDS-PAGE. It was found that heat shock and ethanol shock affected the expression of a total of 28 proteins. Among them, four proteins with molecular masses of 94, 32.1, 26.7, and 25.7 kDa were enhanced by both heat shock and ethanol shock. Furthermore, immunoblot analysis showed the presence of a GroEL-like protein with a molecular mass of 61 kDa in the test organism, with the heat-shocked and ethanol-shocked cells producing a GroEL-like protein in a larger quantity than the unstressed cells. However, DnaK-like protein was not detectable in either the unstressed or the stressed cells.

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