Effects of 10% xylitol (a five-carbon sugar alcohol) on adhesion of Escherichia coli O157:H7 and Salmonella Typhimurium to meat surfaces were examined with three approaches. First, beef outside round was inoculated with rifampin-resistant E. coli O157:H7 and Salmonella Typhimurium dispersed in xylitol or peptone solution. Samples were rinsed with water or not rinsed in a 2 × 2 factorial arrangement. No interaction existed between inoculum and rinsing treatments (P > 0.84). Incubation in xylitol had minimal impact on pathogen adhesion (P > 0.76); however, rinsing reduced pathogen cell counts (P < 0.01). Second, meat samples were treated with water, xylitol, or no rinse; inoculated with pathogens dispersed in peptone solution (8.6 log CFU/ml for each pathogen); and then treated with water, xylitol, or no rinse in a 3 × 3 factorial arrangement. No interactions were observed (P > 0.50). Postinoculation rinsing reduced pathogen loads (P < 0.01) without difference between water and xylitol (P > 0.64). Third, carcass surfaces inoculated with pathogens (5.5 log CFU/cm2) were treated with 35°C water wash, 2.5% l-lactic acid spray, 10% xylitol spray, lactic acid plus xylitol, or hot water plus xylitol. Lactic acid treatments reduced Salmonella Typhimurium at0h(P < 0.01) and 24 h (P < 0.02). Hot water treatments tended to reduce Salmonella Typhimurium at0h(P < 0.07). Xylitol did not reduce pathogens (P > 0.62) or increase effectiveness of other treatments. Xylitol does not influence E. coli O157:H7 and Salmonella Typhimurium adhesion to meat surfaces.

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