Studies were conducted to compare the decontamination efficacy of six chemical treatments against Escherichia coli O157:H7 and multidrug-resistant and antibiotic-susceptible Salmonella inoculated on beef trimmings. The inocula, comprising four-strain mixtures of rifampin-resistant E. coli O157:H7 and antibiotic-susceptible or multidrug-resistant (MDR and/or MDR-AmpC) Salmonella Newport and Salmonella Typhimurium, were inoculated (3 log CFU/cm2) separately onto samples (10 by 5 by 1 cm) derived from beef chuck rolls. Samples were left untreated (control), were immersed for 30 s in acidified sodium chlorite (0.1%, pH 2.5), peroxyacetic acid (0.02%, pH 3.8), sodium metasilicate (4%, pH 12.6), Bromitize Plus (0.0225% active bromine, pH 6.6), or AFTEC 3000 (pH 1.2), or were immersed for 5 s in SYNTRx 3300 (pH 1.0). Levels of surviving Salmonella on treated trimmings were not influenced by serotype or antibiotic resistance phenotype and were generally similar (P > 0.05) or lower (P < 0.05) than levels of surviving E. coli O157:H7 regardless of antimicrobial treatment. Overall, depending on chemical treatment (reductions within each chemical treatment were similar among all tested inocula), initial counts of E. coli O157:H7 (2.7 to 3.1 log CFU/cm2) were reduced (P < 0.05) by 0.2 to 1.4 log CFU/cm2. Similarly, initial counts of the tested Salmonella inocula (2.8 to 3.3 log CFU/cm2) were reduced (P < 0.05) by 0.4 to 1.4 (Salmonella Newport, antibiotic susceptible), 0.3 to 1.4 (Salmonella Newport, MDRAmpC), 0.2 to 1.5 (Salmonella Typhimurium, antibiotic susceptible), 0.4 to 1.3 (Salmonella Typhimurium, MDR), and 0.4 to 1.5 (Salmonella Typhimurium, MDR-AmpC) log CFU/cm2, depending on antimicrobial treatment. Reductions obtained with sodium metasilicate were 1.3 to 1.5 log CFU/cm2, regardless of inoculum, and reductions obtained with the five remaining antimicrobial treatments were 0.2 to 0.7 log CFU/cm2 (depending on treatment). Findings of this study should be useful to regulatory authorities and the meat industry as they consider Salmonella contamination on beef trimmings.
Efficacy of Chemical Interventions against Escherichia coli O157:H7 and Multidrug-Resistant and Antibiotic-Susceptible Salmonella on Inoculated Beef Trimmings
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IFIGENIA GEORNARAS, HUA YANG, GALATIOS MOSCHONAS, MATTHEW C. NUNNELLY, KEITH E. BELK, KENDRA K. NIGHTINGALE, DALE R. WOERNER, GARY C. SMITH, JOHN N. SOFOS; Efficacy of Chemical Interventions against Escherichia coli O157:H7 and Multidrug-Resistant and Antibiotic-Susceptible Salmonella on Inoculated Beef Trimmings. J Food Prot 1 November 2012; 75 (11): 1960–1967. doi: https://doi.org/10.4315/0362-028X.JFP-12-195
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