The aim of this study was to assess the presence and antimicrobial susceptibility profile of the molecularly serogrouped Listeria monocytogenes isolates in different animal origin food products, collected from a county situated in the historical region of Transylvania, Central Romania. A total of 7.7% (17/221) of the screened samples were positive for L. monocytogenes , with an isolation frequency of 6.2% (8/130) in the ready-to-eat products (i.e., sausages, ham and smoked specialties), 12.8% (6/47) in raw meat (i.e., minced pork, pork organs and snails), and 6.8% (3/44) in dairy (i.e., assortment of cheeses) samples. The identified L. monocytogenes serogroups were: 1/2a-3a (47.1%), 4b-4d-4e (29.4%), 1/2c-3c (11.8%), and 4a-4c (11.8%), respectively. All isolates were resistant to benzylpenicillin and fusidic acid. Resistance was also detected towards oxacillin (88.2%), fosfomycin (82.4%), clindamycin (76.5%), imipenem (52.9%), ciprofloxacin (41.2%), rifampicin (41.2%), trimethoprim – sulfamethoxazole (29.4%) and tetracycline (29.4%). On the other hand, all isolates proved susceptible to gentamicin, moxifloxacin, teicoplanin, vancomycin, tigecycline, erythromycin and linezolid. All tested strains exhibited multidrug resistance, resulting in the expression of a total of 12 resistance profiles. These findings extend the understanding about the spread of an important pathogen in Romanian food products, highlighting a substantial public health issue and medical concern, especially for consumers with a compromised health status.
Diversity and antibiotic resistance profiles of Listeria monocytogenes serogroups in different food products from Transylvania Region, Central Romania
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Emil Tirziu, Viorel Herman, Ileana Nichita, Adriana Morar, Mirela Imre, Alexandra Cucerzan, Iulia Bucur, Andreea Tirziu, Oana Cătălina Mateiu-Petrec, Kalman Imre; Diversity and antibiotic resistance profiles of Listeria monocytogenes serogroups in different food products from Transylvania Region, Central Romania. J Food Prot 2021; doi: https://doi.org/10.4315/JFP-21-172
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