ABSTRACT

The application of phase change materials (PCMs) in building envelopes can help promote energy efficiency due to its high heat capacity. Our study aimed to provide energy and economic insights for deploying PCM to buildings in eight different regions of East Asia through a series of energy and economic analysis using computer modelling and simulations. The static payback period (SPP) and dynamic payback (DPP) methods were used to evaluate the economic feasibility of applying a PCM at different melting phase temperatures (20°C, 23°C, 25°C, 27°C and 29°C). Results show that the proper choice of a PCM melting temperature is a key factor to improve the performance of the PCM applied to buildings. A melting phase temperature of 29°C achieved the highest economic feasibility in Seoul, Tokyo; Pyongyang; Beijing; and Ulaanbaatar and a melting temperature of 23°C in Hong Kong had the highest economic feasibility. Overall, the combined economic and energy analysis presented in this study can play an important role in improving the energy and economic feasibility of PCM in buildings.

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