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Diversity, Equity, Inclusion, and Justice

A collection of JGME articles related to diversity, equity, inclusion, and justice in Graduate Medical Education. JGME is also seeking submissions related to this topic.


April 2024

Using Human-Centered Design Tools to Improve Health Justice
Rick Peter Fritz Wolthusen, MD, MPP; Jane Patricia Gagliardi, MD, MHS, FACP, DFAPA

Racial and Ethnic Disparities in Situational Judgment Testing Among Applicants to an Anesthesiology Residency Program
Victoria Rosales, MD; Christopher Conley, MD; Mark C. Norris, MD

February 2024

Rebecca Jeanmonod, MD

December 2023

Promising Practices in US Sponsoring Institutions to Advance Diversity, Equity, and Inclusion in Graduate Medical Education
Stephany Sanchez, MD; Marjorie Westervelt, PhD, MPH; Dowin Boatright, MD, MBA, MHS; Tonya Fancher, MD, MPH; Maya London, BS; Arra Jane Concepcion, BA; Jose A. Negrete Manriquez, MD, MPP; William McDade, MD, PhD; Jed D. Gonzalo, MD, MSc

When We Fail
Jason E. Liebowitz, MD

Black Shame in the Hour of Oppression
Anwar Osborne, MD, MPM, FACEP

October 2023

Remaining Steadfast During Times of Uncertainty—Recruiting a Diverse GME Physician Workforce to Achieve Health Equity
Laura A. Hanyok, MD; Marquita C. Genies, MD, MPH; Jessica L. Bienstock, MD, MPH

Mind Over Prejudice: An Implicit Bias Training in Medical Education Using Cognitive Bias Modification
Che-Wei Hsu, PhD

Negotiation Strategies as a Pathway for Creating Equity in Medicine
Onyekachi Otugo, MD, MPH, MPA; Joan Moon, MPP, MSE; Vonzella Bryant, MD

Are We Teaching Evidence-Based and Inclusive Practices in Gender-Affirming Care? Perspectives From Plastic Surgery In-Service Examinations
Zain Aryanpour, MD; Dominic Min-Tran, BS; Essie Ghafoor, BS; Christopher Wojcik, DO; Blair R. Peters, MD


August 2023

A Graduate Medical Orientation Intervention Focused on Local Health Inequities
Emily Caldarelli, EdD; Jennifer J. Hess, MD; Eleanor Weaver, MD; Ryan Buckley, MD; Rebecca R. Swan, MD; Julie Schumacher, PhD; Sophia Kostelanetz, MD, MPH; Mario A. Davidson, PhD, MS, MAS, MA; Megan Whitey, C-TAGME; Reena Black, MBA, C-TAGME; Kyla P. Terhune, MD, MBA

Rounding in the Time of COVID
Adam Cohen, MD, MEd, FAAP

June 2023

Networking in Academic Medicine: Keeping an Eye on Equity
Sherine Salib, MD, MRCP, FACP; F. Parker Hudson, MD, MPH, FACP

Adverse Childhood Experiences, Household Income, and Mentorship Among Interns Who Are Underrepresented in Medicine
Cuong Pham, MD; Taymy J. Caso, PhD; Michael J. Cullen, PhD; Benjamin K. Seltzer, PhD; Taj Mustapha, MD, FACP, FAAP; Damir S. Utrzan, PhD; G. Nic Rider, PhD

A Review of OB/GYN, Internal Medicine, Family Medicine, and Pediatrics Residency Program Websites for Diversity, Equity, and Inclusion Elements
Benjamin C. Mallicoat, MD, MPH; Blake A. S. Herstine, BS; Elizabeth M. Kelly; Hannah E. Koechley, BS; Julie A. DeSouza, MS; Sydney A. Anas; Rose A. Maxwell, PhD; Keith M. Reisinger-Kindle, DO, MPH, MS

An Anti-Racism and Equity Initiative Improves Residency Educational Conferences
Aisha K. James, MD, MEd; Madeleine I. Matthiesen, MD; Rashmi Jasrasaria, MD; Amanda R. Jowell, BA; Michael S. Kelly, MD; Darshali A. Vyas, MD; Jessica A. Zeidman, MD; Sherri-Ann M. Burnett-Bowie, MD, MPH

April 2023

Educational Outcomes of Diversity Curricula in Graduate Medical Education
Arlene S. Chung, MD, MACM, FACEP; Annemarie Cardell, MD; Smruti Desai, DO, MPH, MA; Evelyn Porter, MD, MS; Ridhima Ghei, MD; Joanna Akinlosotu, MD; Chinwe Ogedegbe, MD, MPH

Virtual Brunches to Enhance Recruitment of Residents and Fellows Who Self-Identify as Underrepresented in Medicine
Kento Sonoda, MD, AAHIVS; Melinda Hamilton, MD, MS; Gregory M. Bump, MD; Brittany Rosser, BA; Brandon Doughty, BA; Rickquel Tripp, MD, MPH

Trends of Academic Faculty Identifying as Hispanic at US Medical Schools, 1990-2021
Monica Rakesh Saxena, MD, JD; Albee Y. Ling, PhD; Eli Carrillo, MD; Al'ai Alvarez, MD; Maame Yaa A. B. Yiadom, MD, MPH, MSCI; Christopher L. Bennett, MD, MA; Moises Gallegos, MD

February 2023

Avoiding Unethical Altruism in Global Health: Revisiting Ethics Guidelines for International Rotations for Medical Residents
Stephanie R. Ross, MD, CTropMed; Kenneth W. Goodman, PhD, FACMI, FACE

A Scoping Review of Indigenous Health Curricular Content in Graduate Medical Education
Marghalara Rashid, PhD; Julie Nguyen, MA; Jessica L. Foulds, MD; Liz Dennett, MLIS; Nicole Cardinal, MD; Sarah E. Forgie, MD, MEd

Graduate Medical Education Training and the Health of Indigenous Peoples
Mary J. Owen, MD; Matthew Tobey, MD; Michael Sundberg, MD

December 2022

Vulnerable yet Unprotected: The Hidden Curriculum of the Care of the Incarcerated Patient
Michelle Ihn Suh, MD, MAT; Marc David Robinson, MD

October 2022

An Analysis of Underrepresented in Medicine Away Rotation Scholarships in Surgical Specialties
Sophie L. Bernstein, BA; Chapman Wei, MD; Alex Gu, MD; Joshua C. Campbell, MD; Duretti Fufa, MD

Racial Bias on the Emergency Medicine Standardized Letter of Evaluation
Paul Kukulski, MD, MHPE; Alan Schwartz, PhD; Laura E. Hirshfield, PhD; James Ahn, MD, MHPE; Keme Carter, MD

Ethnic and Racial Differences in Ratings in the Medical Student Standardized Letters of Evaluation (SLOE)
Al'ai Alvarez, MD; Alexandra Mannix, MD; Dayle Davenport, MD; Katarzyna Gore, MD; Sara M. Krzyzaniak, MD; Melissa Parsons, MD; Danielle T. Miller, MD, MEd; Daniel Eraso, MD; Sandra Monteiro, PhD; Teresa M. Chan, MD, MHPE; Michael Gottlieb, MD

A Reflection and Discussion Exercise on Racial Justice and Equity
Rohan Patnaik, BS; Nabil Attlassy, BS; Susan Davids, MD, MPH; Kathlyn E. Fletcher, MD, MA

August 2022

Gender Microaggressions During Virtual Residency Interviews and Impact on Ranking of Programs During the Residency Match
Karen K. Hoi, MD; Lulia A. Kana, MD, MS; Gurjit Sandhu, PhD; Reshma Jagsi, MD, DPhil; Suzy McTaggart, MS; Jessa E. Miller, MD; Erin L. McKean, MD, MBA

Racial Justice Beyond the Curriculum: Aligning Systems of Care With Anti-Racist Instruction in Graduate Medical Education
Jane P. Gagliardi, MD, MHSc; Colin M. Smith, MD; Kirsten L. Simmons, MD, MHSc; Damon S. Tweedy, MD

Effects of a Curriculum Addressing Racism on Pediatric Residents' Racial Biases and Empathy
Monique Jindal, MD, MPH; Rachel L.J. Thornton, MD, PhD; Ashlyn McRae, MD; Ndidi Unaka, MD, MEd; Tiffani J. Johnson, MD, MSc; Kamila B. Mistry, PhD, MPH

June 2022

Using Graduate Medical Education Institutional Data to Enhance Diverse Recruitment Strategies
Stephen R. Estime, MD; Edwin K. McDonald, MD; Megham Twiss, MA, MDiv; Jeremy Podczerwinski, BS; Anita K. Blanchard, MD

April 2022

Reflections From Underrepresented in Medicine Applicants on the 2020 Virtual Interview Season
Christian D. Freeman, MD; Ndéye F. Guissé, MD; D'Andrea R. Ceasar, MD; Omolola Fakunle, MD; Camille A. Fonseca, MD, MPH; Farsam Fraz, MD; Reba P. Gillis, MD, MBS; Nile M. Harris, MD; Alana C. Nichols, JD, MD; Osose Oboh, MD, MPH; Tracey L. Henry, MD, MPH, MS

Four Lessons to Take From Athena—Without Disguising Oneself as the Mortal, Mentor
Kyle Cassling, MD, MEd; Cary B. Aarons, MD, MSEd; Kyla Terhune, MD, MBA

Mentoring First-Generation and Underrepresented in Medicine Physician-Scientists by Expanding Conversations
Elizabeth M. Viglianti, MD, MPH, MSc; Theodore J. Iwashyna, MD, PhD

Diversity, Equity, and Inclusion Milestones: Creation of a Tool to Evaluate Graduate Medical Education Programs
Paul A. Ravenna, MD; Santina Wheat, MD, MPH; Fadya El Rayess, MD, MPH; Leon McCrea, II, MD, MPH; A. Ildiko Martonffy, MD; Cara Marshall, MD; Suki Tepperberg, MD, MPH; Rachel S.C. Friedman, MD, MHS; Wendy B. Barr, MD, MPH, MSCE

February 2022

A Human Space
Anthony D. Williams, MD, MS

December 2021

Diversity, Equity, and Inclusion Officer Position Available: Proceed with Caution
Monica B. Vela, MD; Monica Lypson, MD, MHPE; William A. McDade, MD, PhD

Outcomes From a Novel Graduate Medical Education Leadership Program in Advancing Diversity, Equity, and Inclusion

Carmin Powell, MD; Lahia Yemane, MD; Michelle Brooks, C-TAGME; Carrie Johnson, MBA; Al'ai Alvarez, MD; Belinda Bandstram MD; Wendy Caceres, MD; Quynh Dierickx, MD; Reena Thomas, MD, PhD; Rebecca Blankenburg, MD, MPH

Mission-Based Filters in the Electronic Residency Application Service: Saving Time and Promoting Diversity
Jennifer L. Swails, MD; Sasha Adams, MD; Mark Hormann, MD; Emma Omoruyi, MD, MPH; Omowunmi Aibana, MD, MPH

Analiz Rodriguez, MD, PhD

October 2021

LGBTQ+ Equity in Virtual Residency Recruitment: Innovations and Recommendations
Rebecca Raymond-Kolker, MD; Adlai Grayson, MD; Nicholas Heitkamp, MD, MSc; Lucas E. Morgan, MD

The Impact of Trainee and Standardized Patient Race and Gender on Internal Medicine Resident Communication Assessment Scores
Janae K. Heath, MD, MS; C. Jessica Dine, MD, MS; Denise LaMarra, MS, CHSE; Serena Cardillo, MD

Autonomy in the Operating Room: A Multicenter Study of Gender Disparities During Surgical Training
Jenny X. Chen, MD; Edward H. Chang, PhD; Francis Deng, MD; Shari Meyerson, MD, MEd; Brian George, MD, MAEd; Elliott D. Kozin, MD; Stacey T. Gray, MD

Proceed, With Caution: Unconscious Bias in Technical Assessment
Danielle S. Walsh, MD, FACS FAA

Countering Bias in Assessment
Adelaide H. McClintock, MD (@McClintockMD); Tyra Fainstad, MD; Joshua Jauregui, MD (@joshuajauregui); Lalena M. Yarris, MD, MCR (@lainieyarris)

August 2021

Navigating Bias on Interview Day: Strategies for Charting an Inclusive and Equitable Course
Kamna Singh Balhara, MD, MA; P. Logan Weygandt, MD, MPH; Michael R. Ehmann, MD, MPH, MS; Linda Regan, MD, MEd

An Analysis of Gender Bias in Plastic Surgery Resident Assessment
Carisa M. Cooney, MPH, CCRP; Pathik Aravind, MBBS; C. Scott Hultman, MD, MBA, FACS; Kristen P. Broderick, MD; Robert A. Weber, MD; Sebastian Brooke, MD; Damon S. Cooney, MD, PhD; Scott D. Lifchez, MD

A Practical Approach to Implicit Bias Training
Dotun Ogunyemi, MD

June 2021

White Coats for Black Lives
Kameelah Lanette Gateau, MD, MS FAAP

It Takes a Village: Guidance on Mentoring Black Residents and Fellows
Artina Dawkins, PhD, MPA C-TAGME; Cherece Grier, MD, FAAP

#LatinasInMedicine: Using the Hashtag to Build Community in Medicine
Briana Christophers, AB (@BriChristophers); Narjust Duma, MD (@NarjustDumaMD); María C. Mora Pinzón, MD (@mariacmorap)

Race and Gender Bias in Internal Medicine Program Director Letters of Recommendation
Neil Zhang, MD, MS; Sarah Blissett, MD, MHPE; David Anderson, MD; Patricia O'Sullivan, EdD; Atif Qasim, MD MSCE

Diversity and Inclusion on General Surgery, Integrated Thoracic Surgery, and Integrated Vascular Surgery Residency Program Websites
Ryan Mortman, BS; Harold A. Frazier, II, MD, FACS; Yolanda C. Haywood, MD

April 2021

Call for Collaboration: The Role of Accreditation in the Transformation, Accountability, and Sustainability of Education in Social Determinants of Health Incho Lee, PhD; Jennifer A. Best, MD Focusing on Diversity: A Regional Internal Medicine Residency Viewpoint on Underrepresented Minority Support, Retention, and Mentoring Rachel Harris, MD, MPH; Kyle Covington, PT, DPT, PhD; Cristin Colford, MD; Nancy Denizard-Thompson, MD; Michael Contarino, MD; Kimberley Evans, MD; Aimee Zaas, MD, MHS; M. Suzanne Kraemer, MD; Diana McNeill, MD Defeating Unconscious Bias: The Role of a Structured, Reflective, and Interactive Workshop
Dotun Ogunyemi, MD, FACOG MFM

Improving Diversity in Pediatric Residency Selection: Using an Equity Framework to Implement Holistic Review
Jyothi Marbin, MD; Glenn Rosenbluth, MD; Rachel Brim, MD; Edward Cruz, MD, MPH; Alma Martinez, MD, MPH; Margaret McNamara, MD

Experiences of Transgender and Nonbinary Physicians During Medical Residency Program Application
Elizabeth J. Kvach, MD, MA; Jamie Weinand, MD; Ryan O'Connell, MS


February 2021

Podcasting: A Medium for Amplifying Racial Justice Discourse, Reflection, and Representation Within Graduate Medical Education
Salmaan Kamal, MD; Shreya P. Trivedi, MD; Utibe R. Essien, MD, MPH; Saman Nematollahi, MD

Promoting Diversity, Equity, and Inclusion: Building Community for Underrepresented in Medicine Graduate Medical Education Trainees
Agnes Usoro, MD; Meron Hirpa, MD; Michael Daniel, MD; Vandra Harris, MD; Alisha Ware, MD; Amber Kernodle, MD, MPH; Thomas Elliott, MD; Damani A. Piggott, MD, PhD; Jessica L. Bienstock, MD, MPH

Why We Can't Wait
Jasmine Solola, MA; Alisa McQueen, MD; Rochelle Naylor, MD; Victoria Okuneye, PhD; Monica Vela, MD

Reporting of USMLE Step 1 as Pass/Fail: A Benefit for Residency Programs and Those Underrepresented in Medicine?
Joshua M. Romero, MD; Claudia I. Martinez, MD; Ashley N. Sanchez, MD; Joel E. Frontera, MD; Miguel X. Escalon, MD; Monica Verduzco-Gutierrez, MD

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